The first of these three Landscape Photography styles would be Representational. The representational style is a picture that shows a landscape at its most basic level. There are no bells and whistles or major alterations made in post editing. The picture is of the natural beauty and shows the realism of the scene.
Although the representational style is very straight forward, it is by no means a simple or easy image to compose. These are not simple point and shoot photos, they are well organized and planned shots. Careful attention is given to the elements that make a great landscape photograph. Having the right weather conditions, lighting and timing all contribute to composition. Realism and great detail make a strong representational photo. The photographer has to hold the viewers interest and this will not happen with a bland photo.
The second style of Landscape Photography is Impressionistic. An Impressionistic Landscape Photographer creates ambiguity in their composition. The lines of realism and imagination are blurred, shapes and colors may take more importance than scenery. A good Impressionistic landscape photograph captures the essence of the landscape while representing it in an almost alternate reality. The landscape is present but from an unreal point of view.
The third style of landscape photography is Abstract. With Abstract landscape photography, the photographer uses the landscape more as a design element to build their composition. The clarity of the landscape is not important but the design element is. Often times the actual landscape is unrecognizable. The abstract photographer is more concerned with color, form and shape as it relates to the over all composition. A variety of photographic techniques and tricks may be employed to attain the desired effect of the picture.
Extreme contrast, under and over exposure are just a few techniques used in Abstract Landscape Photography. The key element that makes an Abstract landscape photo is Design above all other things.